Sea Turtles

Let s talk about Sea Turtles! Have you ever been suspicious about this majestic animal roaming around the sea? Well here are all of your answers and all of the information you need about the splendid Sea Turtles. Typically they live a long life of around 100 years and funnily enough that is also around the same number of eggs they lay every time they nest. For a Sea Turtle there is no place like home and when a female is ready to lay her eggs she will return to the same place that she was born. ...

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Sea Turtles

Squid

Sepioteuthis lessoniana also known as the big fin reef squid glitter squid or oval squid is a species of loliginid squid . This squid can be identified by its large oval fins. These squids are small to medium size averaging 35 cm (14 inches). From the moment they hatch they have the ability to change their colors. These squids however only have a life expectancy of less than a year and they grow very quickly. They can usually be found around coral reefs or near the shore line. These squids have ...

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Squid

Octopus

The reef octopus is commonly found among the reefs in the Red Sea. They are around 1m long and they have the ability to camouflage. Not only can they change their color but also their pattern and texture. As it moves it changes its colors to match its environment. This means it can change 1000 times in just several hours. This reef octopus is unlike its brothers and sisters because it hunts in the day whereas other octopuses are nocturnal. Octopuses are carnivores and live off small creatures su...

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Octopus

Bat fish

The bat fish is very thin and disc shaped and can be found around the reefs in the Red Sea at around 5 to 30 meters. They are fan shaped and are taller than they are long. They can grow to around 50 cm. The younger fish live alone or in very small groups in the mangroves and lagoons in places like Marsa Alam Egypt. The adult bat fish can be found in the open water and at greater depths. These adult fish can be identified by a black spot below their pectoral fin.

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Bat fish

Dugong

Dugong comes from the Malay and means lady of the sea . They are also commonly known as sea cows sea camels and even mermaids . They are indigenous to The Red Sea in Egypt. It is estimated that around 4000 live in the Red Sea particularly in Marsa Alam. Dugongs can easily be found by following the destructive path they often leave on the sea bed due to feeding. These curious mammals can eat over 40 kg of sea grass a day! Manatees and dugongs are marine mammals belonging to the scientific Order S...

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Dugong

Boxer shrimp

The boxer shrimp also known as a banded coral shrimp lives in the Red Sea. They live among the reefs and can be found as deep as 210m (690 ft)! They only have a life expectancy of 2 to 3 years and are known as cleaner shrimp. They use their claws to remove parasites and fungi from passing fish. Their total length is around 60mm and their claws are twice the size of their body. They even have 3 sets of claws to enable them to clean. They use their very long antenna to signal their presence to oth...

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Boxer shrimp

Eagle Ray

The eagle ray can be found gliding in the Red Sea near the reefs and along the sea bed. The size of an eagle ray can vary however they can grow up to 3m long (10ft) with a wingspan of around 7m (23ft). They can be spotted at the edges of the outer reefs and in lagoons. Unlike other species they are not pack animals so you will usually find them swimming solo. They are generally very shy creatures but are considered dangerous when threatened due to their venomous stingers located behind the pelvi...

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Eagle Ray

Grouper

The grouper the anthias and the fairy basslet have been affectionately labelled as the Queens of the Red Sea . They are part of the royal family of the Serranidae. The grouper has been subcategorized as the Epinephelinae. Some of them are truly heavyweights with 300 kg on the scale. The colourful grouper is territorial to the bone. As territorial as they are the grouper is also solitary. The carnivorous diet of a grouper comprises crustaceans cephalopods and fishes. They are nocturnal comfortabl...

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Grouper

The Various Shark Types Of The Red Sea.

The Red Sea boasts various shark theatres for Red Sea shark diving. Of great reputation are Big Brother Islands Abu Galawas Kebier Daedalus Reef Elphinstone Gota Kebier Gota Soraya Sha ab Sataya Rocky Island Paradise Reef. Here s where oceanic whitetips scalloped hammerheads pelagic threshers grey reef sharks silky sharks and whitetip reef sharks patrol roaming their territories. Sightings types of sharks like of hammerheads and grey sharks are not unusual at Sha ab Sataya. Divers should be awar...

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The Various Shark Types Of The Red Sea.

Fusiliers Fish

Fusiliers Fish Family The members from the Caesionidae family take their name from the Latin word caesius meaning greyish-blue. This typifies the mainstream colouration of the fusiliers fish. The average fusilier fish is small in size and travels in larger schools. It doesn t particularly feel comfortable when predators like barracudas or trevallies approach their neighbourhoods. When these predators do however the entire school constantly in motion simultaneously and instantly changes direction...

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Fusiliers Fish

The Traveling Trevallies

Family The trevally originating from the Carangidae family is a traveling predator from coastal waters of the Red Sea. There are almost 150 classified species of which some 40 reside in the Red Sea. They share a lot of similarities from an external point of view like their torpedo-shaped body design and basic body colour varying from silverfish and yellow to green and bluish tinges. The diurnal trevally is a larger fish which is pelagic meaning it prefers the open sea. It forms schools to chase ...

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The Traveling Trevallies

The Illustrious Boxfish

The boxfish a member the Ostraciidae family is also known as the trunkfish. It has a large distribution in tropical seas including the Red Sea. The boxfish is a slow mover and omnivorous feeding on algae molluscs and crustaceans. However their free-moving fins enable them to rotate their body and to make swift movements. Its skin is covered with toxic mucus a slimy cocoon to shy away predators. The diurnal boxfish or trunkfish has a quadrangular body meaning box-like. It s covered with armour-li...

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The Illustrious Boxfish

The Puffed-Up Pufferfish

Family The boxfish the porcupinefish and the pufferfish are members of an order called Tetraodontiformes. The latter is from a family called the Tetraodontidae. One subdivision with the sharp-nosed pufferfish is called Canthigasterinae. The puffer connotation reflects the amazing ability of the pufferfish to pump itself up like a balloon to fool potential predators. Many members of this family are spiny spiky and prickly. This effectively turns predators off to swallow them. But there s even mor...

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The Puffed-Up Pufferfish

Goatfish

Goatfish Family The goatfishes belong to the Mullidae family and rank among the common and proverbial features in the Red Sea. Not common though are their peculiar barbels they are equipped with. These barbels can be spotted beneath the chin on either side of the mouth. It is as if these barbells function as sensitive filaments to trace benthic items on the daily menu such as molluscs crustaceans and worms. The goatfishes are diurnal or nocturnal depending on the species. The goatfish isn t your...

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Goatfish

Requiem Sharks

Requiem Sharks Family The Red Sea requiem sharks are part of the family of the Carcharhinidae. The family features household names like the white-tip reef shark the Red Sea lemon shark and the ocean white-tip shark. Sharks have a reputation of being dangerous to humans aggressive and harmful. It isn t quite fair. Respect a shark and its environment and it this respect will be mutual. Family Members Blacktip Reef Shark Size up to 180 cm (5 9 ft). Depth up to 75m (246 ft) It has a slender physique...

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Requiem Sharks

The Motionless Hawkfish

Family The types of hawkfish are member from the Cirrhitidae family. They have distinctive features typified by their small size and thickened lower pectoral fin rays. One other characteristic element are their tiny filaments on their single dorsal fin. Filaments means cirrhi in Latin. The hawkfish can stand among corals using them as a watchtower. The hawkfish is a bottom-dweller and hunts like a hawk perched on coral columns or rocky towers. it does so hawk-like patiently waiting blended in wi...

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The Motionless Hawkfish

Filefish

Filefish Family The filefish is related to the triggerfish from the Balistidae family and are members of the Monacanthidae family. They have a more elongated body and flatter body than the triggerfish. Its monikers are leather jackets and foolfish. Peculiar of note is that the first dorsal fin consists virtually of only one thin ray. You will find that the skin is covered with scales of a smaller size. The habitats or living environments of a filefish varies; from lagoons with seaward reefs and ...

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Filefish

Surgeonfish

Surgeonfish Family Members of the Acanthuridae family are the surgeonfish and the unicornfish. Both have gruesome spines and agonisingly sharp bony blades at the sides. These scalpel-like weapons can cause injuries with surgical accuracy. On top of that these blades can fold into a groove and used both used both offensively and defensively. In essence the diurnal members of this family are herbivorous. Some are planktivorous. Please bear in mind the spines are potentially dangerous to humans. Th...

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Surgeonfish

Unicornfish

Unicornfish Familie Members of the Acanthuridae family are the surgeonfish and the unicornfish. Both have gruesome spines and agonizingly sharp bony blades at the sides. These scalpel-like weapons can cause injuries with surgical accuracy. On top of that these blades can fold into a groove and used both offensively and defensively. In essence the diurnal members of this family are herbivorous. Some however are planktivorous. Please always bear in mind the spines are potentially dangerous to huma...

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Unicornfish

Sea Breams

Sea Breams Family The stout and proud sea breams are a stocky fish with a relatively massive body and a steep forehead. It is a member of the family of Sparidae. The Sparidae boast fair-sized scales similar to the snappers of the Lutjanidae bunch. It operates either solitary or in smaller schools and aggregations of insignificant size. They live a sheltered life appreciating the taste of echinoderms like sea urchins and other invertebrates. Family Members Doublebar Sea Bream Size up to 50 cm (1 ...

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Sea Breams

Sweetlips/Grunts

Sweetlips/Grunts Family Sweetlips and grunts are closely related to snappers and belong to the Haemulidae family. The sweetlip comes from a subfamily called Plectorhinchinae. Their moniker or sobriquet is sweetlip because of their prominent thick lips. The grunts are allocated to the subfamily of Haemulinae. The grunt reference alludes to their ability to produce grunt-like noises. They do this by grinding their pharyngeal teeth and amplify the sound with their gas bladder. They differ from snap...

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Sweetlips/Grunts

Batfish/Spadefish

Spadefish/Batfish Family Now here we have the family of the Ephippidae. The members are spade-shaped and their body is highly and laterally compressed. They have a lovely shiny silvery appearance broken by vertical faded black or lemon chiffon bands. Serving as camouflage the bars will often obscure the eyes of a batfish or spadefish. The term bat alludes to their yellow and black fins conjuring visions of wings. Its laterally compressed body is equipped with scales of smaller size and the snout...

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Batfish/Spadefish

Cornetfish

Cornetfish/Flutemouth/Needlefish Family Other names for the cornetfish from the Fistulariidae family are the flutefish or the trumpetfish. Its greenish to grey body is what is called elongate and cylindrical meaning stretched and long. The snout is exceptionally long ending in a tiny mouth. The cornetfish is perfectly built to dig and poke in corals in order to find small fish and crustaceans. It isn t uncommon for Fistulariidaerans to roam in large congregations navigating near coral reefs sand...

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Cornetfish

Bigeyes

Bigeyes Family The bigeyes from the Priacanthidae family have well big eyes. They are they put it amazingly and justifiably simple red fishes with big eyes. They are active only during the night which accounts for their unusual ocular dimensions. Apart from their phenomenal ocular setting they possess a stout compressed body a continuous dorsal fin and extremely large beaks. The bigeyes are carnivorous; more specifically omnivorous feasting on fish cephalopods and crustaceans. When they gorge on...

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Bigeyes

The Stunning Grouper

Grouper Family The groupers fish the anthias and the fairy basslet have been affectionately labelled as the Queens of the Red Sea . They are part of the royal family of the Serranidae. The grouper has been subcategorized as the Epinephelinae. Some of them are truly heavyweights with 300 kg on the scale. The colourful grouper is territorial to the bone. As territorial as they are the grouper is also solitary. The carnivorous diet of a grouper comprises crustaceans cephalopods and fishes. They are...

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The Stunning Grouper

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