Grouper

The grouper the anthias and the fairy basslet have been affectionately labelled as the Queens of the Red Sea . They are part of the royal family of the Serranidae. The grouper has been subcategorized as the Epinephelinae. Some of them are truly heavyweights with 300 kg on the scale. The colourful grouper is territorial to the bone. As territorial as they are the grouper is also solitary. The carnivorous diet of a grouper comprises crustaceans cephalopods and fishes. They are nocturnal comfortabl...

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Grouper

The Various Shark Types Of The Red Sea.

The Red Sea boasts various shark theatres for Red Sea shark diving. Of great reputation are Big Brother Islands Abu Galawas Kebier Daedalus Reef Elphinstone Gota Kebier Gota Soraya Sha ab Sataya Rocky Island Paradise Reef. Here s where oceanic whitetips scalloped hammerheads pelagic threshers grey reef sharks silky sharks and whitetip reef sharks patrol roaming their territories. Sightings types of sharks like of hammerheads and grey sharks are not unusual at Sha ab Sataya. Divers should be awar...

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The Various Shark Types Of The Red Sea.

Fusiliers Fish

Fusiliers Fish Family The members from the Caesionidae family take their name from the Latin word caesius meaning greyish-blue. This typifies the mainstream colouration of the fusiliers fish. The average fusilier fish is small in size and travels in larger schools. It doesn t particularly feel comfortable when predators like barracudas or trevallies approach their neighbourhoods. When these predators do however the entire school constantly in motion simultaneously and instantly changes direction...

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Fusiliers Fish

The Traveling Trevallies

Family The trevally originating from the Carangidae family is a traveling predator from coastal waters of the Red Sea. There are almost 150 classified species of which some 40 reside in the Red Sea. They share a lot of similarities from an external point of view like their torpedo-shaped body design and basic body colour varying from silverfish and yellow to green and bluish tinges. The diurnal trevally is a larger fish which is pelagic meaning it prefers the open sea. It forms schools to chase ...

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The Traveling Trevallies

The Illustrious Boxfish

The boxfish a member the Ostraciidae family is also known as the trunkfish. It has a large distribution in tropical seas including the Red Sea. The boxfish is a slow mover and omnivorous feeding on algae molluscs and crustaceans. However their free-moving fins enable them to rotate their body and to make swift movements. Its skin is covered with toxic mucus a slimy cocoon to shy away predators. The diurnal boxfish or trunkfish has a quadrangular body meaning box-like. It s covered with armour-li...

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The Illustrious Boxfish

The Puffed-Up Pufferfish

Family The boxfish the porcupinefish and the pufferfish are members of an order called Tetraodontiformes. The latter is from a family called the Tetraodontidae. One subdivision with the sharp-nosed pufferfish is called Canthigasterinae. The puffer connotation reflects the amazing ability of the pufferfish to pump itself up like a balloon to fool potential predators. Many members of this family are spiny spiky and prickly. This effectively turns predators off to swallow them. But there s even mor...

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The Puffed-Up Pufferfish

Goatfish

Goatfish Family The goatfishes belong to the Mullidae family and rank among the common and proverbial features in the Red Sea. Not common though are their peculiar barbels they are equipped with. These barbels can be spotted beneath the chin on either side of the mouth. It is as if these barbells function as sensitive filaments to trace benthic items on the daily menu such as molluscs crustaceans and worms. The goatfishes are diurnal or nocturnal depending on the species. The goatfish isn t your...

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Goatfish

Requiem Sharks

Requiem Sharks Family The Red Sea requiem sharks are part of the family of the Carcharhinidae. The family features household names like the white-tip reef shark the Red Sea lemon shark and the ocean white-tip shark. Sharks have a reputation of being dangerous to humans aggressive and harmful. It isn t quite fair. Respect a shark and its environment and it this respect will be mutual. Family Members Blacktip Reef Shark Size up to 180 cm (5 9 ft). Depth up to 75m (246 ft) It has a slender physique...

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Requiem Sharks

The Motionless Hawkfish

Family The types of hawkfish are member from the Cirrhitidae family. They have distinctive features typified by their small size and thickened lower pectoral fin rays. One other characteristic element are their tiny filaments on their single dorsal fin. Filaments means cirrhi in Latin. The hawkfish can stand among corals using them as a watchtower. The hawkfish is a bottom-dweller and hunts like a hawk perched on coral columns or rocky towers. it does so hawk-like patiently waiting blended in wi...

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The Motionless Hawkfish

Filefish

Filefish Family The filefish is related to the triggerfish from the Balistidae family and are members of the Monacanthidae family. They have a more elongated body and flatter body than the triggerfish. Its monikers are leather jackets and foolfish. Peculiar of note is that the first dorsal fin consists virtually of only one thin ray. You will find that the skin is covered with scales of a smaller size. The habitats or living environments of a filefish varies; from lagoons with seaward reefs and ...

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Filefish

Surgeonfish

Surgeonfish Family Members of the Acanthuridae family are the surgeonfish and the unicornfish. Both have gruesome spines and agonisingly sharp bony blades at the sides. These scalpel-like weapons can cause injuries with surgical accuracy. On top of that these blades can fold into a groove and used both used both offensively and defensively. In essence the diurnal members of this family are herbivorous. Some are planktivorous. Please bear in mind the spines are potentially dangerous to humans. Th...

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Surgeonfish

Unicornfish

Unicornfish Familie Members of the Acanthuridae family are the surgeonfish and the unicornfish. Both have gruesome spines and agonizingly sharp bony blades at the sides. These scalpel-like weapons can cause injuries with surgical accuracy. On top of that these blades can fold into a groove and used both offensively and defensively. In essence the diurnal members of this family are herbivorous. Some however are planktivorous. Please always bear in mind the spines are potentially dangerous to huma...

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Unicornfish

Sea Breams

Sea Breams Family The stout and proud sea breams are a stocky fish with a relatively massive body and a steep forehead. It is a member of the family of Sparidae. The Sparidae boast fair-sized scales similar to the snappers of the Lutjanidae bunch. It operates either solitary or in smaller schools and aggregations of insignificant size. They live a sheltered life appreciating the taste of echinoderms like sea urchins and other invertebrates. Family Members Doublebar Sea Bream Size up to 50 cm (1 ...

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Sea Breams

Sweetlips/Grunts

Sweetlips/Grunts Family Sweetlips and grunts are closely related to snappers and belong to the Haemulidae family. The sweetlip comes from a subfamily called Plectorhinchinae. Their moniker or sobriquet is sweetlip because of their prominent thick lips. The grunts are allocated to the subfamily of Haemulinae. The grunt reference alludes to their ability to produce grunt-like noises. They do this by grinding their pharyngeal teeth and amplify the sound with their gas bladder. They differ from snap...

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Sweetlips/Grunts

Batfish/Spadefish

Spadefish/Batfish Family Now here we have the family of the Ephippidae. The members are spade-shaped and their body is highly and laterally compressed. They have a lovely shiny silvery appearance broken by vertical faded black or lemon chiffon bands. Serving as camouflage the bars will often obscure the eyes of a batfish or spadefish. The term bat alludes to their yellow and black fins conjuring visions of wings. Its laterally compressed body is equipped with scales of smaller size and the snout...

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Batfish/Spadefish

Cornetfish

Cornetfish/Flutemouth/Needlefish Family Other names for the cornetfish from the Fistulariidae family are the flutefish or the trumpetfish. Its greenish to grey body is what is called elongate and cylindrical meaning stretched and long. The snout is exceptionally long ending in a tiny mouth. The cornetfish is perfectly built to dig and poke in corals in order to find small fish and crustaceans. It isn t uncommon for Fistulariidaerans to roam in large congregations navigating near coral reefs sand...

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Cornetfish

Bigeyes

Bigeyes Family The bigeyes from the Priacanthidae family have well big eyes. They are they put it amazingly and justifiably simple red fishes with big eyes. They are active only during the night which accounts for their unusual ocular dimensions. Apart from their phenomenal ocular setting they possess a stout compressed body a continuous dorsal fin and extremely large beaks. The bigeyes are carnivorous; more specifically omnivorous feasting on fish cephalopods and crustaceans. When they gorge on...

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Bigeyes

The Stunning Grouper

Grouper Family The groupers fish the anthias and the fairy basslet have been affectionately labelled as the Queens of the Red Sea . They are part of the royal family of the Serranidae. The grouper has been subcategorized as the Epinephelinae. Some of them are truly heavyweights with 300 kg on the scale. The colourful grouper is territorial to the bone. As territorial as they are the grouper is also solitary. The carnivorous diet of a grouper comprises crustaceans cephalopods and fishes. They are...

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The Stunning Grouper

The Stylish Ray

Rays Characteristics Rays belong to theclass of the Chondrichthyes the so-called cartilaginous ray fish such asmanta rays from the Mobulidae branch and the eagle ray member of theMiliobatidae. They so graciously fly through the waters of the Red Sea hovering over sea beds conjuring visions of a flying carpet. Various of these species can be observedin locomotion in the Red Sea. Their disk-like flat and roundish bodies seem tohave been designed in a wind tunnel for aerodynamic purpose. Rays like ...

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The Stylish Ray

The Anthias Fish; The Queen Of The Red Sea

Anthiases Family The grouper the soapfish and the diurnal anthias fish have been affectionately labelled as the Queens of the Red Sea . They are part of the royal family of the Serranidae. Within this family the tropical anthias or the fairy basslet has been assigned to the family of Anthiinae. It s a common and typical reef fish their bodies regular shaped and oval. They are planktivores and circulate in large school formations. A planktivore feeds on floating organic particles and planktonic f...

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The Anthias Fish; The Queen Of The Red Sea

The Royal Soapfish

Soapfish Family The grouper and the anthias and the soapfish have been affectionally labelled as the Queens of the Red Sea . They are part of the royal family of the Serranidae. The beautiful soapfish has been assigned to the subfamily of Grammistinae. They have a slimy skin that is capable of producing a bitter toxic substance called grammistin. It comes in the substance of mucus protecting the fish from predation. So the soapfish exudes a mucus coating that is toxic to other fish. The poisonou...

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The Royal Soapfish

Cardinalfish

Cardinalfish Family The cardinal fish belongs to a very large family called the Apogonidae and oh the irony they are very small in size. The cardinal fish are carnivorous. The cardinalfish label alludes to their predominantly red colouration but strangely enough it s only a minority that is beautified by distinctive red. In general we see rather dull and hardly exciting additional tones tinges and hues. The cardinalfish isn t particularly picky in habitat preference. To spot them we name rocky r...

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Cardinalfish

Angelfish

Angelfish Family Until 1979 the butterflyfishes from the Chaetodontidae family and the angelfishes from the family of Pomacanthidae were classified as one and the same family. They have since been distinguished as related but not assigned to one and the same family. They do share though their fascinating colouration small scales and brush-like teeth. The Pomacanthidae are very charismatic in terms of their splendid chromatic spectrum. They are aquatic transgenders turning into male after a femal...

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Angelfish

Butterflyfish

Butterflyfish Family Among the most bright colourful and conspicuous creatures from the Red Sea are the butterflyfishes from the family of Chaetodontidae. The name alludes to an ancient Greek word meaning bristle teeth . Their bodies conjure up visions of the discs thrown by field athletes in training or at contests. They have a layer of small scales and a distinguished protractile or protrusible snout. Their tail is rounded and has the shape of an eyelash fan brush. Butterflyfishes are hard cor...

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Butterflyfish

The Colourful World Of Wrasses

Family Wrasses types belong to the family of Labridae. Wrasses come in every shape size and colour. Their colouration is simply stunning as is the complexity of their brilliant patterns. What wrasse have in common generally speaking are their elongate bodies and their fleshy thickened lips; as if they are swimming against a strong current the whole day... The world of the Labridae is the world of aquatic transgenders. The majority of the family members go through a first stage of being female tu...

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The Colourful World Of Wrasses